skip to content »


Maze War was the first networked, 3D multi-user first person shooter game.Maze introduced the concept of online players in 1973–1974 as "eyeball 'avatars' chasing each other around in a maze." It was played on ARPANET, or Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, a precursor to the Internet funded by the United States Department of Defense for use in university and research laboratories.


Such devices are characterized by bulky headsets and other types of sensory input simulation.Some uses of the term include A virtual economy is the emergent property of the interaction between participants in a virtual world.While the designers have a great deal of control over the economy by the encoded mechanics of trade, it is nonetheless the actions of players that define the economic conditions of a virtual world.The most common form of such games are fantasy worlds, whereas those based on the real world are relatively rare.Most MMORPGs have real-time actions and communication.Users interact in role-playing or competitive games by typing commands and can read or view descriptions of the world and other players.

Such early worlds began the MUD heritage that eventually led to massively multiplayer online role-playing games, more commonly known as MMORPGs, a genre of role-playing games in which a large number of players interact within a virtual world.

A MUD is a virtual world with many players interacting in real time.

The early versions were text-based, offering only limited graphical representation and often using a Command Line Interface.

Contemporary virtual worlds, in particular the multi-user online environments, emerged mostly independently of this research, fueled instead by the gaming industry but drawing on similar inspiration.

While classic sensory-imitating virtual reality relies on tricking the perceptual system into experiencing an immersive environment, virtual worlds typically rely on mentally and emotionally engaging content which gives rise to an immersive experience.

The first MUD, known as MUD1, was released in 1978.