Dept consolidating new jersey
Much of Europe blames the Black Plague on the Jews and tortured to confess that they poisoned the wells.Despite the pleas of innocence of Pope Clement VI, the accusations resulted in the destruction of over 60 large and 150 small Jewish communities.
However, he did not allow the Jews to convert anyone Jewish Revolts against Rome in Cyprus, Egypt and Cyrene.The Jews were also forbidden from riding horses and holding judicial or civil posts, and were forced to wear a yellow patch for identification.In the wake of a narrow military defeat over Muslim forces, Leo III of Constantinople decided his nation's weakness lay in its heterogenious population, and began the forcible conversion of the Jews, as well as the "New Christians." Most converted under Leo III clandestinely continued their Jewish practices.Other Jewish tribes, including Fadattr, Tedma and Magna reached similar deals.Muslim forces capture Caesarea, forcing the city's estimated 100,000 Jews to follow the Pact of Omar, which meant they had to pray quietly, not build new synagogues and not prevent Jews from converting to Islam.In a special session, the Vienna city council forced Jews to wear the Pileum cornutum, a cone-shaped headress prevelent in many medieval woodcuts illustrating Jews.
This form of distinctive dress was an additon to badge Jews were forced to wear.
German Emperor Wenceslaus arrests Jews living in the Swabian League, a group of free cities in S. Later, he expelled the Jews of Strassburg after a community debate.
After a priest was hit with some sand from a few small Jewish boys playing in the street, he insisted that the Jewish community was plotting against him and began a virulent campaign against the city's Jews, resulting in the massacre of thousands and the destruction of the city's synagogue and Jewish cemetery.
Emperor Heraclius breaks his promise of protection to Jews, massacring any he found and forbidding them from entering Jerusalem.
Hundreds of Jews were killed and thousands exhiled to Egypt, ending the Jewish towns in the Galilee and Judea.
While proselytizing Arabia, Muhammad captures the Banu Kurara tribe and forces the group of about 600 to chose between conversion and death.