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Know what the laws are in your state and protect yourself. Another groundbreaking study, the Kaiser study in San Francisco, followed serodiscordant couples for several years and found not a single case of HIV transmission when the negative partner remained on Pr EP. Getting gonorrhea or syphilis can lead to serious health complications. After former TV star Danny Pintauro came out, saying he thought he acquired HIV through oral sex, alarmists theorized about the dangers of oral sex.
But being positive does mean you’ll need to protect yourself and your intimate partners. When you become healthier you reduce the chance of communicating HIV. Currently Truvada is the only FDA approved Pr EP treatment—essentially a daily HIV prevention pill—but other medications are in the pipeline. But if you are using a condom or have an undetectable viral load or know your partner is on Pr EP, it may seem irrelevant.Some of those disparities have to do with access to health care, poverty, substance abuse, and untreated mental health issues. Ideally you should begin treatment as soon as possible, like the day you get your positive result.But getting and staying on treatment is the first step in altering those disparities and there are government programs that can help you afford it. Early HIV treatment has been shown to provide long-term advantages.Frascino, MD, of the Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation, and an expert for The Body.com, Frascino says he’d recommend disclosing your status to your dentist, though, so that he or she could be on the lookout for HIV-specific problems in the mouth.“Health care professionals, including dentists, are trained to look for certain conditions more closely if they know you have an underlying medical problem, be that diabetes, cancer, HIV or whatever,” he writes.Reach out to your local AIDS organization for info. Even if you don’t have symptoms, if your infection runs unchecked it can compromise your immune system. Staying on your meds is hugely important and a 2015 study shows that only combining early treatment with continuous adherence gives patients the best hope of reaching a near-normal ratio of CD4 to CD8 cells.
Scientists think the longer you go without antiretroviral treatment the larger the hidden HIV reservoir can become. The nearer to normal, the more HIV-fighting cells you have keeping you well and giving you the health and longevity of someone without HIV. But doctors and pharmaceutical companies alike realize that maintaining a daily regimen can be a real struggle and new options are in the pipeline.
According to AIDS.gov, the likelihood of a false negative depends on the time between when you might have been exposed to HIV and when you take the test: “It takes time for seroconversion to occur.
This is when your body begins to produce the antibodies an HIV test is looking for—anywhere from two weeks to six months after infection. It is a virus that is communicable and therefore travels between people.
Having HIV doesn’t prevent you from getting other diseases (or even another strain of HIV). Jeremiah Johnson tells us, “In 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a systematic review of existing research to estimate the risk of getting HIV through specific sex acts.
They concluded that the risk of getting HIV from performing oral sex is low, citing a 10-year Spanish study of heterosexual couples with opposite HIV statuses where no new infections occurred after nearly 9,000 instances of giving head.” (In comparison, the CDC estimated that bottoming without a condom carries a transmission risk of 138 per 10,000 exposures).
“Why would you not advise your dentist of your HIV status?