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Portugal has left a profound cultural and architectural influence across the globe and a legacy of over 250 million Portuguese speakers today.Portugal is a developed country with a high-income advanced economy and high living standards, A founding member of NATO and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, Portugal is also a member of numerous other international organizations, including the United Nations, the European Union, the eurozone and the OECD.

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It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain.The Lusitanians and other native tribes, under the leadership of Viriathus, wrested control of all of western Iberia.Rome sent numerous legions and its best generals to Lusitania to quell the rebellion, but to no avail—the Lusitanians kept conquering territory.Later, a northern province of Lusitania was formed, known as Gallaecia, with capital in Bracara Augusta, today's Braga.There are still many ruins of castros (hill forts) all over modern Portugal and remains of Castro culture.The Roman leaders decided to change their strategy. In 139 BC, Viriathus was assassinated, and Tautalus became leader. The complete Romanization of Lusitania only took place in the Visigothic era.

In 27 BC, Lusitania gained the status of Roman province.

Portugal as a country was established in the aftermath of the Christian Reconquista against the Muslim Moors who had invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 711 AD and occupied most of it.

After the Battle of São Mamede, where Portuguese forces led by Afonso Henriques defeated forces led by his mother, Theresa of Portugal, the County of Portugal affirmed its sovereignty and Afonso Henriques styled himself Prince of Portugal.

A few small, semi-permanent, commercial coastal settlements (such as Tavira) were also founded in the Algarve region by Phoenicians-Carthaginians.

Romans first invaded the Iberian Peninsula in 219 BC.

Chief among these tribes were the Lusitanians, with the core area of these people lying in inland central Portugal, other related tribes existed such as the Gallaeci of Northern Portugal, the Celtici of Alentejo, and the Cynetes or Conii of the Algarve.